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A Comparative Study of Water and Bromide Transport in a Bare Loam Soil Using Lysimeters and Field Plots

Isch, A. ; Montenach, D. ; Hammel, F. ; Ackerer, P. ; Coquet, Y

Field plot (a) and lysimeter (b) soil profiles: horizons, discretization, observation nodes and soil materials considered in the HYDRUS-1D model.
© Isch et al. (2019)
Isch & al., Water, (2019), 11(6), 1199;

https://doi.org/10.3390/w11061199 

Abstract

The purpose of this methodological study was to test whether similar soil hydraulic and solute transport properties could be estimated from field plots and lysimeter measurements. The transport of water and bromide (as inert conservative solute tracer) in three bare field plots and in six bare soil lysimeters were compared. Daily readings of matric head and volumetric water content in the lysimeters showed a profile that was increasingly humid with depth. The hydrodynamic parameters optimized with HYDRUS-1D provided an accurate description of the experimental data for both the field plots and the lysimeters. However, bromide transport in the lysimeters was influenced by preferential transport, which required the use of the mobile/immobile water (MIM) model to suitably describe the experimental data. Water and solute transport observed in the field plots was not accurately described when using parameters optimized with lysimeter data (cross-simulation), and vice versa. The soil’s return to atmospheric pressure at the bottom of the lysimeter and differences in tillage practices between the two set-ups had a strong impact on soil water dynamics. The preferential flow of bromide observed in the lysimeters prevented an accurate simulation of solute transport in field plots using the mean optimized parameters on lysimeters and vice versa.

Keywords : field plots; lysimeters; optimization; inverse method; hydrodynamic parameters; cross simulations

isch

Field plot (a) and lysimeter (b) soil profiles: horizons, discretization, observation nodes and soil materials considered in the HYDRUS-1D model.