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24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

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A coordinated set of ecosystem research platforms open to international research in ecotoxicology, AnaEE-France

Christian Mougin (8,13), Didier Azam (1), Thierry Caquet (3), Nathalie Cheviron (8), Samuel Dequiedt (10), Jean-François Le Galliard (5,6), Olivier Guillaume (4), Sabine Houot (7), Gérard Lacroix (5,6), François Lafolie (2), Pierre-Alain Maron (10), Radika Michniewicz (4), Christian Pichot (9), Lionel Ranjard (10), Jacques Roy (11), Bernd Zeller (12), Jean Clobert (4), André Chanzy (2)

Mougin & al ., 2015
Mougin & al ., Journal: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, (2015), 22 (20) 16215-16228

The alteration of continental ecosystems and the environmental crisis generated worldwide [1] by human activities raise urgent societal questions on how to best produce goods while at the same time preserving ecological services. In this respect, understanding and predicting the dynamics of ecosystems and biodiversity, and the provision of ecosystem services under global changes are a key scientific issue with a high social value [2]. The infrastructure for Analysis and Experimentation on Ecosystems (AnaEE-France) is an integrated network of the major French experimental, analytical, and modeling platforms dedicated to the biological study of continental ecosystems (aquatic and terrestrial). This infrastructure aims at understanding and predicting ecosystem dynamics under global change.

Main results

AnaEE-France comprises complementary nodes offering access to the best experimental facilities and associated biological resources and data: Ecotrons (figure1), seminatural experimental platforms to manipulate terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, in natura sites equipped for large-scale and long-term experiments (figure 2).

Fig.1 Mougin 2015

Figure 1 : Scheme of the Ecotrons principles combining improved environmental simulations and process measurements through ecosystems confinement

Fig.2 Mougin 2015 2

Figure 2: Scheme of AnaEE-France illustrating the functional relationships between each node. Researchers conducting experiments on organisms to communities and ecosystems can access ecotrons, seminatural, or in natura sites to study processes involved in ecotoxicology at various spatial and temporal scales. Analytical platforms aim at offering the capacity of characterizing variety of parameters. Finally, modelers are interested in accessing data for model implementation and validation.

AnaEE-France also provides shared instruments and analytical platforms dedicated to environmental (micro) biology. Finally, AnaEE-France provides users with data bases and modeling tools designed to represent ecosystem dynamics and to go further in coupling ecological, agronomical, and evolutionary approaches. In particular, AnaEE-France offers adequate services to tackle the new challenges of research in ecotoxicology, positioning its various types of platforms in an ecologically advanced ecotoxicology approach. AnaEE-France is a leading international infrastructure, and it is pioneering the construction of AnaEE (Europe) infrastructure in the field of ecosystem research. AnaEE-France infrastructure is already open to the international community of scientists in the field of continental ecotoxicology.


1. Pereira HM, Leadley PW, Proença V, Alkemade R, Scharlemann JPW, Fernandez-Manjarrés JF, AraujoMB, Balvanera P, Biggs R, Cheung WWL, Chini L, Cooper HD, Gilman EL, Guénette S, Hurtt GC, Huntington HP, Mace GM, Oberdorff T, Revenga C, Rodrigues P, Scholes RJ, Sumaila UR, Walpole M (2010) Scenarios for global biodiversity in the 21st Century. Science 330:1503–1509

2. Stokstad E (2005) Ecology - taking the pulse of earth's life-support systems. Science 308:41–43


1) INRA, UE 1036 U3E, 65 rue de Saint Brieuc, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France

2) INRA/UAPV, UMR 1114 EMMAH, Site Agroparc, 228 route de l’aérodrome, CS 40509, 84914 Avignon Cédex 9, France

3) INRA, UAR1275 Département EFPA, 54280 Champenoux, France

4) CNRS, USR 2936 SEEM, 09200 Moulis, France

5) CNRS/UPMC – UMR 7618, IEES Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Case 237, 7 Quai St Bernard, 75005 Paris, France

6) CNRS/ENS – UMS 3194, CEREEP – Ecotron Ile-De-France, École Normale Supérieure, 78 rue du Château, 77140 St-Pierre-lès-Nemours, France Environ Sci Pollut Res (2015) 22:16215–16228 DOI 10.1007/s11356-015-5233-9

7) INRA/AgroParisTech, UMR 1402 ECOSYS, 78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France

8) INRA/AgroParisTech, UMR1402 ECOSYS, Platform Biochem-Env, Route de St-Cyr, 78026 Versailles cedex, France

9) INRA, UR0629 URFM, Site Agroparc, 228 route de l’aérodrome, CS 40509, 84914 Avignon Cédex 9, France

10) INRA/Université de Bourgogne/AgroSup Dijon, UMR 1347 Agroécologie, 17 rue de Sully, 21065 Dijon cedex, France

11) CNRS, UPS 3248 Ecotron Européen de Montpellier, Campus de Baillarguet, 1 chemin du Rioux, 34980 Montferrier-sur-Lez, France

12) INRA, UR 1138 BEF, 54280 Champenoux, France

13) INRA/AgroParisTech, UMR1402 ECOSYS, Platform Biochem-Env, 78026 Versailles cedex, France

See also

Clobert J. Chanzy A., le Galliard J.-F., Chabbi A., Greiveldinger L., Caquet T., Loreau M., Mougin C., Pichot C., Roy J., Saint-André L. 2018. How to integrate experimental research approaches in ecological and environmental studies: AnaEE France as an example. Front. Ecol. Evol. 6:43. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2018.00043