Know more

About cookies

What is a "cookie"?

A "cookie" is a piece of information, usually small and identified by a name, which may be sent to your browser by a website you are visiting. Your web browser will store it for a period of time, and send it back to the web server each time you log on again.

Different types of cookies are placed on the sites:

  • Cookies strictly necessary for the proper functioning of the site
  • Cookies deposited by third party sites to improve the interactivity of the site, to collect statistics

Learn more about cookies and how they work

The different types of cookies used on this site

Cookies strictly necessary for the site to function

These cookies allow the main services of the site to function optimally. You can technically block them using your browser settings but your experience on the site may be degraded.

Furthermore, you have the possibility of opposing the use of audience measurement tracers strictly necessary for the functioning and current administration of the website in the cookie management window accessible via the link located in the footer of the site.

Technical cookies

Name of the cookie


Shelf life

CAS and PHP session cookies

Login credentials, session security



Saving your cookie consent choices

12 months

Audience measurement cookies (AT Internet)

Name of the cookie


Shelf life


Trace the visitor's route in order to establish visit statistics.

13 months


Store the anonymous ID of the visitor who starts the first time he visits the site

13 months


Identify the numbers (unique identifiers of a site) seen by the visitor and store the visitor's identifiers.

13 months

About the AT Internet audience measurement tool :

AT Internet's audience measurement tool Analytics is deployed on this site in order to obtain information on visitors' navigation and to improve its use.

The French data protection authority (CNIL) has granted an exemption to AT Internet's Web Analytics cookie. This tool is thus exempt from the collection of the Internet user's consent with regard to the deposit of analytics cookies. However, you can refuse the deposit of these cookies via the cookie management panel.

Good to know:

  • The data collected are not cross-checked with other processing operations
  • The deposited cookie is only used to produce anonymous statistics
  • The cookie does not allow the user's navigation on other sites to be tracked.

Third party cookies to improve the interactivity of the site

This site relies on certain services provided by third parties which allow :

  • to offer interactive content;
  • improve usability and facilitate the sharing of content on social networks;
  • view videos and animated presentations directly on our website;
  • protect form entries from robots;
  • monitor the performance of the site.

These third parties will collect and use your browsing data for their own purposes.

How to accept or reject cookies

When you start browsing an eZpublish site, the appearance of the "cookies" banner allows you to accept or refuse all the cookies we use. This banner will be displayed as long as you have not made a choice, even if you are browsing on another page of the site.

You can change your choices at any time by clicking on the "Cookie Management" link.

You can manage these cookies in your browser. Here are the procedures to follow: Firefox; Chrome; Explorer; Safari; Opera

For more information about the cookies we use, you can contact INRAE's Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at :


24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu Logo Principal logo_whitespace_left_new.jpg logo SPONFOREST (design Bastien Castagneyrol) white_space_right logo_biodiversa


The project SPONFOREST

The EU ERA-NET BiodivERsA3 research project “Unraveling the potential of spontaneous forest establishment for improving ecosystem functions and services in dynamic landscapes” (SPONFOREST) assembles eight partners from four European countries. Its principal aim is to elucidate the potential of spontaneous forest regrowth (SFR) as a cost-effective and politically feasible tool for reinforcing networks of self-sustaining forests in fragmented rural landscapes. Concretely, the project addresses three major questions:

  • 1. How do new forests establish?
  • 2. Which consequences has the establishment process for their character and functioning?
  • 3. Which ecosystem services do they provide, and how are they perceived and managed by local societies and political governance systems?
project structure

The research of SPONFOREST builds on five case studies located in Mediterranean and temperate landscapes of southwestern Europe. The project integrates a combination of ecological and social science research approaches that are applied in parallel to each study system. Spontaneous forest regrowth is investigated using a broad spectrum of disciplines such as dendroecology, population genetics, functional ecology, demo-genetic modelling, remote sensing, and landscape analysis. The aims of these investigations are to (i) reconstruct the forest establishment process, (ii) identify its main drivers, and (iii) infer its consequences for the functioning of the novel forests. The societal implications of spontaneous forest regrowth are assessed using standardized surveys and in-depth expert interviews with stakeholders and policy makers. These analyses pursue to elucidate (i) the perception of spontaneous forest regrowth by local populations, (ii) demands and current forest management practices by landowners and stakeholders, and (iii) current governance arrangements towards spontaneous forest regrowth.

The findings of SPONFOREST can enhance the explicit integration of spontaneous forest regrowth in landscape management and conservation. They can also guide policies for fostering diverse and multifunctional landscapes in Europe.

SPONFOREST is funded by the ERA-Net BiodivERsA, with the national funders ANR (France), DFG (Germany), MINECO (Spain), and FCT (Portugal) as well as the European Commission in the frame of the 2015 BiodivERsA call for research proposals (