Know more

About cookies

What is a "cookie"?

A "cookie" is a piece of information, usually small and identified by a name, which may be sent to your browser by a website you are visiting. Your web browser will store it for a period of time, and send it back to the web server each time you log on again.

Different types of cookies are placed on the sites:

  • Cookies strictly necessary for the proper functioning of the site
  • Cookies deposited by third party sites to improve the interactivity of the site, to collect statistics

Learn more about cookies and how they work

The different types of cookies used on this site

Cookies strictly necessary for the site to function

These cookies allow the main services of the site to function optimally. You can technically block them using your browser settings but your experience on the site may be degraded.

Furthermore, you have the possibility of opposing the use of audience measurement tracers strictly necessary for the functioning and current administration of the website in the cookie management window accessible via the link located in the footer of the site.

Technical cookies

Name of the cookie


Shelf life

CAS and PHP session cookies

Login credentials, session security



Saving your cookie consent choices

12 months

Audience measurement cookies (AT Internet)

Name of the cookie


Shelf life


Trace the visitor's route in order to establish visit statistics.

13 months


Store the anonymous ID of the visitor who starts the first time he visits the site

13 months


Identify the numbers (unique identifiers of a site) seen by the visitor and store the visitor's identifiers.

13 months

About the AT Internet audience measurement tool :

AT Internet's audience measurement tool Analytics is deployed on this site in order to obtain information on visitors' navigation and to improve its use.

The French data protection authority (CNIL) has granted an exemption to AT Internet's Web Analytics cookie. This tool is thus exempt from the collection of the Internet user's consent with regard to the deposit of analytics cookies. However, you can refuse the deposit of these cookies via the cookie management panel.

Good to know:

  • The data collected are not cross-checked with other processing operations
  • The deposited cookie is only used to produce anonymous statistics
  • The cookie does not allow the user's navigation on other sites to be tracked.

Third party cookies to improve the interactivity of the site

This site relies on certain services provided by third parties which allow :

  • to offer interactive content;
  • improve usability and facilitate the sharing of content on social networks;
  • view videos and animated presentations directly on our website;
  • protect form entries from robots;
  • monitor the performance of the site.

These third parties will collect and use your browsing data for their own purposes.

How to accept or reject cookies

When you start browsing an eZpublish site, the appearance of the "cookies" banner allows you to accept or refuse all the cookies we use. This banner will be displayed as long as you have not made a choice, even if you are browsing on another page of the site.

You can change your choices at any time by clicking on the "Cookie Management" link.

You can manage these cookies in your browser. Here are the procedures to follow: Firefox; Chrome; Explorer; Safari; Opera

For more information about the cookies we use, you can contact INRAE's Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at :


24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu Institutions

SPS - Saclay Plant Sciences

Teaching and training in plant sciences within the SPS LabEx

Classe Informatique

Training students in plant sciences, in a broad sense, has been a priority of the SPS LabEx since it was founded. Teaching and training through research in plant biology have thus received a budget of around 1 million € over the past four years, which represents 15% of the total LabEx budget for this period.

The institutional context of education in general, and in particular education in plant biology, has changed over the last 5 years with the creation of the Université Paris-Saclay and the alliance of several institutions for mutualization of plant science teaching in Ile-de-France.


Teaching is mainly grouped in a limited number of programs that pass within the SPS laboratories. In M1 (first year of master’s degree), 3 complementary training programs are available with 2 university programs and an engineer course. There is now a single Plant Sciences M2 program (second year of master’s degree), which pools the skills and expertise in plants of the main teaching institutions: AgroParisTech and the universities of Paris-Sud, Evry Val d'Essonne, Versailles St Quentin en Yvelines and Paris-Diderot. In 2015-2016, there were more than 70 master students in plant science programs (30 M1 and 40 M2) and 120 engineers chose the field of education "Production, industrial sectors, territories for sustainable development" (plant and animal programs taken together).

In this context, the main objective of SPS is to support activities that promote innovative and cutting-edge teaching and training in plant sciences.

So far, several activities have been carried out:

  • Developing hands-on teaching:

   - funding of material dedicated to creating teaching modules focussed on practical work and student autonomy (e.g. cell biology and imaging - Plant Sciences M2).
   - funding of equipment for existing practical courses at the bachelor and master levels as well as for engineer courses.
   - providing students with access to platforms by contributing to the purchase of large equipment (NGS sequencer, confocal microscope, high-resolution mass spectrometer)
   Our students have the unique opportunity to work and train on research equipment at the cutting-edge of technology. The list of all the pieces of equipment funded by SPS for teaching and training is available here.

  • Supporting training through research by subsidizing internship allowances of students in laboratories.
  • Financing student mobility (visits, conferences) and foreign lecturers.
  • Funding an annual professional forum for the students to meet companies from the industrial sector.
  • Organizing summer schools ("The Seed Biology Paris Summer School" in 2015, "From gene expression to genomic network" in 2016).
  • Providing financial support to the annual European PhD Retreat for doctorates in Plant Sciences from 5 European countries (France, Germany, Great Britain, Spain, The Netherlands)

Support to teaching and training activities in the framework of SPS is managed by a dedicated working group. This group is composed of 12 members representing the different teaching institutions involved in the programs in which LabEx members participate (AgroParisTech and the universities Paris-Sud, Evry Val d'Essonne, Versailles St Quentin en Yvelines and Paris-Diderot) but also INRA and CNRS. The members of this group also represent the 4 major LabEx sites for training through research (Jean-Pierre Bourgin Institute, Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay, Institute of Integrative Biology of the Cell and Unit of Quantitative Genetics and Evolution-Le Moulon).

Other activities are planned, notably in the area of innovation and entrepreneurship and, of course, to perpetuate the project via, for example, lifelong learning.