Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Institutions

SPS - Saclay Plant Sciences

Creation of the Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay (IPS2)


The Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay, IPS2, was established in January 2015 and aims to increase the quality and sustainability of the research and teaching activities in Plant Sciences on the Paris-Saclay campus at national and international levels.

IPS2 resulted from a major restructuration and consolidation of 3 of the 4 plant biology institutes involved in the "Saclay Plant Sciences" (SPS) Laboratory of Excellence. The creation of IPS2 structures research, training and innovation activities in line with the objectives of SPS and is supported by 5 institutions: the Universities of Paris-Sud, Evry and Paris-Diderot, CNRS and INRA. It has been strongly supported by the Foundation for Scientific Cooperation (FCS) that coordinates the Excellence Initiative of Paris-Saclay.


The research carried out at IPS2 will focus on the analysis of growth and development of model plants and the translation of this research to crops, agriculture and innovations. We strive to better understand the molecular and genetic mechanisms controlling plant growth and their regulation by endogenous and exogenous signals of biotic (bacteria or fungi) and abiotic (water stress, nutrients or other) origins. Analysis of these mechanisms will be conducted in an integrated manner at cellular, organ and whole plant levels. IPS2 will apply multidisciplinary approaches (combining genomics, molecular and cellular biology, bioinformatics, biochemistry, genetics and physiology) and also develop tools (including bioinformatics and modelling) required to provide more predictive knowledge and facilitate "translational" research between model species and crops. The unit has 3 platforms dedicated to plants: a) Translational Biology (managing large TILLING collections of tomato, Brachypodium, melon and cucumber) b) Transcriptome and RNA sequencing also involving related methodologies and c) Metabolomics with the recent aim of developing fluxomics.

The objectives underlying the creation of this new institute are:

  1. To gather a critical mass in "Plant Sciences" with high national and international exposure.
  2. To develop strong and unique interaction in Ile-de-France between research and higher education (including 3 universities, a common Master’s program and a Doctoral School in Plant Sciences).
  3. To establish a continuum from basic to applied research in Plant Sciences.
  4. To define an original scientific project, as IPS2 will bring together teams working on the interaction of plants with fluctuating biotic and abiotic environments.
  5. To reinforce the integration of plant research from signalling mechanisms to regulation of gene expression, metabolic processes and epigenetics.

The research at IPS2 will be characterized by the diversity of plants studied, of analytical scales (from genes in cells to plants in their environment) and of integration levels (from organs to whole plants). We hope that IPS2 teams will also interact with industrial partners and/or technical institutes within innovative projects and contribute to the future of agriculture.

Martin Crespi
Institut des Sciences des Plantes de Paris-Saclay
Plateau de Moulon
Rue de Noetzlin
Bâtiment 630
Université Paris-Saclay
91405 Orsay