Know more

About cookies

What is a "cookie"?

A "cookie" is a piece of information, usually small and identified by a name, which may be sent to your browser by a website you are visiting. Your web browser will store it for a period of time, and send it back to the web server each time you log on again.

Different types of cookies are placed on the sites:

  • Cookies strictly necessary for the proper functioning of the site
  • Cookies deposited by third party sites to improve the interactivity of the site, to collect statistics

Learn more about cookies and how they work

The different types of cookies used on this site

Cookies strictly necessary for the site to function

These cookies allow the main services of the site to function optimally. You can technically block them using your browser settings but your experience on the site may be degraded.

Furthermore, you have the possibility of opposing the use of audience measurement tracers strictly necessary for the functioning and current administration of the website in the cookie management window accessible via the link located in the footer of the site.

Technical cookies

Name of the cookie


Shelf life

CAS and PHP session cookies

Login credentials, session security



Saving your cookie consent choices

12 months

Audience measurement cookies (AT Internet)

Name of the cookie


Shelf life


Trace the visitor's route in order to establish visit statistics.

13 months


Store the anonymous ID of the visitor who starts the first time he visits the site

13 months


Identify the numbers (unique identifiers of a site) seen by the visitor and store the visitor's identifiers.

13 months

About the AT Internet audience measurement tool :

AT Internet's audience measurement tool Analytics is deployed on this site in order to obtain information on visitors' navigation and to improve its use.

The French data protection authority (CNIL) has granted an exemption to AT Internet's Web Analytics cookie. This tool is thus exempt from the collection of the Internet user's consent with regard to the deposit of analytics cookies. However, you can refuse the deposit of these cookies via the cookie management panel.

Good to know:

  • The data collected are not cross-checked with other processing operations
  • The deposited cookie is only used to produce anonymous statistics
  • The cookie does not allow the user's navigation on other sites to be tracked.

Third party cookies to improve the interactivity of the site

This site relies on certain services provided by third parties which allow :

  • to offer interactive content;
  • improve usability and facilitate the sharing of content on social networks;
  • view videos and animated presentations directly on our website;
  • protect form entries from robots;
  • monitor the performance of the site.

These third parties will collect and use your browsing data for their own purposes.

How to accept or reject cookies

When you start browsing an eZpublish site, the appearance of the "cookies" banner allows you to accept or refuse all the cookies we use. This banner will be displayed as long as you have not made a choice, even if you are browsing on another page of the site.

You can change your choices at any time by clicking on the "Cookie Management" link.

You can manage these cookies in your browser. Here are the procedures to follow: Firefox; Chrome; Explorer; Safari; Opera

For more information about the cookies we use, you can contact INRAE's Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at :


24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu Institutions

SPS - Saclay Plant Sciences

Summer School 2018

Plant epigenetics and epigenomics

July 8-13, 2018 - Centre Port Royal, Saint-Lambert (France)

For this third SPS Summer School, 25 young researchers of very high scientific quality have benefited from one week of interdisciplinary education in the fields of plant epigenetics, plant development, plant RNA and chromatin biology, as well as bioinformatics tools associated with the analysis of this type of data.

First, a poster session around a welcome drink allowed the participants to break the ice and share information about their respective research studies. Then, through lectures, leading scientists gave the young researchers a comprehensive insight into the latest research findings in the field and identified key open questions. Practical sessions of bioinformatics analysis of epigenomics data completed these theoretical modules.

Let us not forget a day dedicated to the visit of laboratories of the SPS network and a discovery of the Palace of Versailles, which ended with a dinner during which the participants got passionate watching the semi-finals of the soccer World Cup...

A rich and dense program that left the participants exhausted but very satisfied with their summer school!

Some key figures:
- 15 women and 10 men
- 1 Master2 student, 18 PhD candidates, 6 post-docs
- laboratories from 8 countries (France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden, England and USA)
- 14 nationalities (France, Argentina, Canada, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Poland, Spain, United Kingdom and USA)

SPS Summer School 2018

Topics and invited speakers

1) Molecular basis of plant epigenetics / Methodologies
Brief history of epigenetics, introduction to DNA methylation, histone modifications, spatial organization of plant chromatin, long non-coding RNAs, plant small RNAs, epitranscriptomics and the related methodologies.

  • Jonathan Weitzman (Epigenetics & Cell Fate Centre, France)
  • Aline Probst (Génétique Reproduction & Développement, GReD, France)
  • Chang Liu (Zentrum für Molekularbiologie der Pflanzen, ZMBP, Germany)
  • Cécile Antonelli (Laboratoire Génome et Développement des Plantes, LGDP, France)

2) What is the relationship between cell fate and epigenetics?
Chromatin regulations linked to plant morphology, photomorphogenesis, the germline and flowering.
+ Practical session: Bioinformatics analysis of ChIPseq data

3) Role of epigenetics in the integration of environmental signals
Abiotic and biotic stresses, with a special emphasis on epigenetic stress memory.
+ Practical session: Small RNA analyses

  • Leandro Quadrana (Biology Institute of the École Normale Supérieure, IBENS, France)
  • Jean Molinier (Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes, IBMP, France)
  • Lionel Navarro (Biology Institute of the École Normale Supérieure, IBENS, France)
  • Jose Gutierrez-Marcos (University of Warwick, UK)

4) Transgenerational epigenetics & Plant breeding
In particular inducible epigenetic variation in crops, use of epigenetics for plant breeding, role of natural epigenetic variation in plant speciation.
+ Practical session: DNA methylation analyses

  • Pierre Baduel (Biology Institute of the École Normale Supérieure, IBENS, France)
  • Germán Martinez (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden)
  • Étienne Bucher (Research Institute of Horticulture and Seeds, IRHS, France)


Nicolas Bouché (Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin)
Martin Crespi (Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay)
Moussa Benhamed (Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay)

Speakers from the SPS LabEx

  • Nicolas Bouché (Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin, IJPB, France)
  • Martin Crespi (Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay, IPS2, France)
  • Hervé Vaucheret (Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin, IJPB, France)
  • Moussa Benhamed (Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay, IPS2, France)
  • Abdel Bendahmane (Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay, IPS2, France)
  • David Latrasse (Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay)
  • Filipe Borges (Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin, IJPB, France)
  • Lorenzo Concia (Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay, IPS2, France)
  • Christine Lelandais (Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay, IPS2, France)
  • Thomas Blein (Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay, IPS2, France)
  • Jérémie Bazin (Institute of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay, IPS2, France)


Download the programme


Logo INRA Transparent

                       Département BAP