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24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

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PVY Organization

Zone de texte éditable et éditée


To produce their progeny, viruses use part of genetic, enzymatic and energetic resources of the infected host. In consequences, processes usually used to produce or to renew organic compounds and the exchanges between host cells, tissues and organs are partially, even completely, disrupted by biological activities of the pathogen.
All biological parameters of infected plants are impaired by viral infections. Resulting physiological disruptions (symptoms) correspond to changes in chlorophyllous accumulation (mosaics, yellowing and/or reddening), cell or tissue death (necrotic lesions) or tissue distortion (dwarfing, leafroll, swelling). Types and intensities of these symptoms depend both on inoculated host and on viral isolate used.
PVY isolates could induce mosaics and/or necroses (local lesions, veinal necroses or tuber necroses) :

PVYN isolates induce veinal necrosis on Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi and very mild mottling with only occasional necrotic leaves on potato

Necroses nervaires
Veinal necrosis on Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi

Necroses tubercule
Ringspot necroses symptoms on potato tubers

PVYNTN isolates induce PVYN symptoms and the ringspot necroses symptoms on potato tubers
PVYN-W isolates induce tobacco vein necrosis on Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi and mild mosaic on potato leaves

PVYO isolates induce mottling and mosaic symptoms on Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi and mild to severe mosaic and leaf drop on potato

Mosaiques tabac
Mosaic symptoms on Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi

It is important to note that environmental conditions, characteristics of the inoculated plant and inoculums could modify the symptom expression. As an example, under particular environmental condition, necrotic symptom on potato tubers could be induced by some PVYN or PVYN-W isolates.