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Research in goat pathology: applications and perspectives

INRA Prod Anim 25(3) 245-258


1 INRA, UMR1225 Interactions Hôte Agents Pathogènes, 23 Chemin des Capelles, F-31076 Toulouse, France

2 ENVT, UMR Interactions Hôte Agents Pathogènes, 23 Chemin des Capelles, F-31076 Toulouse, France

3Anses, Laboratoire de Niort, 60 rue de Pied de Fond, F-79012 Niort, France

4Institut de l’Elevage, 23 Chemin des Capelles, F-31076 Toulouse, France

5INRA, UMR1331 ToxAlim, 180 chemin de Tournefeuille, F-31027 Toulouse, France

6ENVT, UMR ToxAlim, 23 Chemin des Capelles, F-31076 Toulouse, France

7 ONIRIS-Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire Agroalimentaire et de l’Alimentation, Unité de Médecine des Animaux d’Elevage, F-44307 Nantes, France


Within Europe, the goat industry appears to have minor importance when compared to sheep or cattle productions, and the interest of research and studies in caprine pathology is limited. Here, this article is aimed at presenting the main research models in France, the current available data on the pathogenic mechanisms and the physiopathological processes and the related development of measures of management control using examples of pathologies caused by different agents (prions, viruses, bacteria, protozoan or helminthic parasites) that affect goats and their production. It is also aimed at underlining the interest of specific caprine studies not only as models of comparative pathology in small ruminants but also as tools that take into account the specific constraints of the dairy industry.

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