Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free: https://www.ghostery.com/fr/products/

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/fr/controler-ses-cookies/, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Realytics
Google Analytics
Spoteffects
Optimizely

Targeted advertising cookies

DoubleClick
Mediarithmics

The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at cil-dpo@inra.fr or by post at:

INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal

Home page

Livestock environmental impacts and services in warm regions

Inra Prod.Anim., 24 (1), 89-112

V. BLANFORT¹,²,³, M. DOREAU⁴, J. HUGUENIN,²,³,⁵, J. LAZARD⁶, V. PORPHYRE²,³,⁷, J.-F. SOUSSANA⁸, B. TOUTAIN⁹

1 CIRAD, Systèmes d’Elevage Méditerranéens et Tropicaux, BP 701, F- 97387 Kourou, Guyane

2 INRA, UMR0868 Systèmes d’Elevage Méditerranéens et Tropicaux, 2 place Viala, F-34060 Montpellier, France

3 Supagro, Systèmes d’Elevage Méditerranéens et Tropicaux, 2 place Viala, F-34060 Montpellier, France

4 INRA UR1213 Herbivores, F-63122 Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France

5 CIRAD, Systèmes d’Elevage Méditerranéens et Tropicaux, Campus International de Baillarguet, F-34398 Montpellier, France

6 CIRAD, DREI, Avenue Agropolis, F-34398 Montpellier, France

7 CIRAD, Systèmes d’Elevage Méditerranéens et Tropicaux, 7 chemin de l’IRAT, F-97410 Saint Pierre de la Réunion

8 INRA, UR Ecosystème Prairial, 234 Avenue du Brezet, F- 63100 Clermont-Ferrand, France

9 ex CIRAD UR Pastoralisme, 468 avenue du Miradou, F-34980 Saint Clément de Rivière, France

Abstract 
Animal productions are now questioned by the society for their environmental impact. Emerging and developing countries are now concerned by this debate, especially because the increase in animal production in the next decades will take place in these countries, which are often situated in warm regions (including Mediterranean, subtropical and tropical areas). It is now admitted that livestock farming may result in environmental services, besides its productive function. The objective of this paper was to review and discuss environmental impacts and services in southern countries for ruminants, pigs and poultry farms and for aquaculture, and to propose possible solutions for an improvement of environmental performances. Degradation of soil and habitat requires looking for more sustainable production systems. Greenhouse gase emissions are significant in the tropics, especially with low productive systems where the amount per kg of milk or meat is taken as a reference. This emission is compensated for by carbon sequestration in grasslands ; however there is a lack of accurate references in tropical countries. Farming change towards industrialization in many southern countries results in an increase in soil, air and water pollution. Extensive systems are less polluting, and lead sometimes to environmental services. Livestock farming needs water, but this is mainly « green » water related to vegetal production. The use of fossil resources (energy, phosphates, etc.) is highly dependent on the intensification of farming systems. At last, the risk of decrease in animal and vegetal biodiversity is high, in relation with deforestation and farming practices. The main farming systems in southern countries are discussed in relation with their environmental performances. Financial incentives for environmental services may result in low-impact production systems. But the alleviation of poverty and the need for feed security are major concerns which could limit the increase of environmental performances.

Download documents