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Farming, the industry and territory in the tropics

Inra Prod.Anim., 24 (1), 129-144

R. POCCARD-CHAPUIS¹,²,³, T. BONAUDO⁴, J.-F. TOURRAND⁵, J. LOSSOUARN⁴

1 CIRAD, Systèmes d’Elevage Méditerranéens et Tropicaux,Embrapa Amazônia Oriental, Tv Enéas Pinheiro s/n, Belém, Pa ,CEP 66095-100 7, Brésil 1

2 INRA, UMR0868 Systèmes d’Elevage Méditerranéens et Tropicaux, 2 place Viala, F-34060 Montpellier, France

3 Supagro, Systèmes d’Elevage Méditerranéens et Tropicaux, 2 place Viala, F-34060 Montpellier, France

4 AgroParisTech, UMR1048 SADAPT, 16, rue Claude Bernard, F-75231 Paris, France

5 CIRAD, UR GREEN, Campus international de Baillarguet, F-34398 Montpellier, France

Abstract 
This paper analyzes the interactions between the livestock production chain and territorial development in tropical regions. It is aimed at highlighting the contributions of these interactions to sustainable development. The analysis is structured around the systemic model Drivers-Impacts-Responses, adapted from the DPSIR OECD. After defining the concepts, the second part of the article describes this generic system, explaining its main components on a global scale. In the third part, the model is applied to four speci-fic examples of interactions : The Rio Verde agro-industrial cluster in central Brazil, Sao Felix do Xingu, an Amazonian deforestation frontier, the cotton region in southern Mali where there are integrated livestock and agriculture activities at the village scale, and suburban dairy basins of the main cities in Mali. This article shows the interest of this kind of model Pressure-Response to analyze the functioning of the interactions systems between territories and livestock chains. It highlights the risks for regional development, either by marginalizing them or making them vulnerable to specialization. Despite this, these two systems have real leverage for the promotion of sustainable development, highlighted by the examples. This does not preclude the regulation in other spheres, inclu- ding national and international.

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