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Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Issues and special features of research on animal health

Inra Prod.Anim., 23 (4), 359-368

C. DUCROT ¹, B. BED’HOM ²,³, V. BERINGUE ⁴, J.-B. COULON ⁵, C. FOURICHON ⁶,⁷, J.-L. GUERIN ⁸,⁹, S. KREBS ⁶,⁷, P. RAINARD ¹⁰, P. SARRADIN ¹¹, I. SCHWARTZ ⁴, D. TORNY ¹², M.-L VAYSSIER-TAUSSAT ¹³, S. ZIENTARA ¹⁴,¹⁵, E. ZUNDEL ¹⁶

1 INRA, UR346 Epidémiologie Animale, F-63122 Saint-Genès Champanelle, France

2 INRA, UMR1313 Génétique Animale et Biologie Intégrative, F-78352 Jouy-en-Josas, France

3 AgroParisTech, Génétique Animale et Biologie Intégrative, 16 rue Claude Bernard, F-75231 Paris, France

4 INRA, UR892 Virologie et Immunologie Moléculaires, F-78352 Jouy-en-Josas, France

5 INRA, Département PHASE, F-63122 Saint-Genès Champanelle, France

6 INRA, UMR1300 Bioagression, Epidémiologie et Analyse de risque, Atlanpole La Chantrerie, F-44307 Nantes, France

7 ONIRIS, Bioagression, Epidémiologie et Analyse de Risque, Atlanpole La Chantrerie, F-44307 Nantes, France

8 INRA,UMR1225 IHAP Interactions Hôtes-Agents Pathogènes, F-31076 Toulouse, France

9 ENVT, IHAP Interactions Hôtes-Agents Pathogènes, F-31076 Toulouse, France

10 UR1282 IASP Infectiologie Animale et Santé Publique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France

11 INRA,UE1277 PFIE Plate-Forme d’Infectiologie Expérimentale, F-37380 Nouzilly, France

12 INRA, UMR1323 RiTME, 65 Boulevard de Brandebourg, F-94205 Ivry-sur-Seine, France

13 INRA, USC Bartonella et Tiques, ANSES, F-94700 Maisons-Alfort, France

14 INRA, UMR1161 Virologie, 7 avenue du Général de Gaulle, F-94704 Maisons-Alfort, France

15 ENVA, ANSES, Virologie, 7 avenue du Général de Gaulle, F-94704 Maisons-Alfort, France

16 INRA, Département de Santé Animale, F-37380 Nouzilly, France

Abstract 
In the moving context of research on animal health, a collective discussion has been carried out on its issues, special features and synergism with biomedical research. Strongly enhanced by WHO, FAO and OIE, the issues of animal health are important and deal with food security, agriculture economics and all economical activities that follow from it. Others are related to public health (zoonoses, xenobiotics, antimicrobial resistance), environment and animal welfare. Research on animal health has got special features concerning methodology and scientific questions, among others the particular biological nature of domestic species and breeding practices. Scientific questions are not similar to those of biomedical research, even if dealing with the same pathogens ; connected to the other animal sciences (genetics, physiology, animal breeding), research on animal health takes root in a very specific agricultural and economical reality. Nevertheless, generic and methodological synergies do exist with biomedical research, particularly concerning biological tools and models. Some domestic species like pig have functional similarities with Humans, better than with mouse or rat. Thus, the peculiarity of research on animal health compared to biomedical research should be considered in its organisation, evaluation and funding, through a political recognition of specific issues. Simultaneously, the one health approach should facilitate a thorough collaboration between biomedical research and research on animal health, at the levels of research teams and research programmes.

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