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Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Organic pig production in France : characteristics of farms, impacts on health and welfare of animals and on product quality

Inra Prod.Anim., 22 (3), 179-188

A. PRUNIER ¹,², B. LEBRET ¹,²

1 INRA, UMR1079 Systèmes d’Elevage Nutrition Animale et Humaine, F-35590 Saint-Gilles, France

2 Agrocampus Ouest, UMR1079 Systèmes d’Elevage Nutrition Animale et Humaine, F-35000 Rennes, France

Abstract 

The importance of organic pig production is very low in France compared to that of conventional pigs (less than 1% of pork production)but increases regularly. Organic pig production is organised by the legislation that imposes numerous constraints in terms of housing,feeding and husbandry. These constraints are likely to influence performances, health and welfare of the pigs as well as the quality of carcassesand meat. Existing knowledge suggests a high diversity in the types of organic pig farms and hence on the consequences of theorganic farming on pig welfare and health as well as on the quality of the products. Overall, organic farming offers good opportunities torespond to consumers' wishes regarding animal welfare and quality of food products provided that pig producers pay attention to animalhealth, nutritional balance of the diets, especially for piglets and lactating sows, and quality of carcasses.

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