Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free: https://www.ghostery.com/fr/products/

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/fr/controler-ses-cookies/, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Realytics
Google Analytics
Spoteffects
Optimizely

Targeted advertising cookies

DoubleClick
Mediarithmics

The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at cil-dpo@inra.fr or by post at:

INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal

Home page

Evolutions, scatters and determinants of the farm income in suckler cattle Charolais farms. A study over 15 years (1989 - 2003) from a 69 farm constant sample.

INRA Prod. Anim., 18(4), 265-275.

P. VEYSSET, M. LHERM, D. BEBIN

INRA, Laboratoire d’Economie de l’Elevage, F-63122 Saint-Genès Champanelle

Abstract 
Despite the successive reforms of the common agricultural policy and a strong reorganisation, the farm income of the professional suckler cattle farms remains, on average, always one of the lowest of all French farms. The monitoring of a constant group of 69 suckler cattle Charolais farms from the north Massif Central over 15 years (from 1989 to 2003) showed a high increase of the farm area and herd size with a constant workforce. This increase in the labour productivity, a response to the constant drop in the meat sale price only partly compensated by subsidies, was accompanied by an evolution of the farming systems (a decrease in the rate of fattened males and shortening of the production cycles). The variability of our sample is expressed by the size (area and herd), also by the specialisation rate (livestock or mixed crop-livestock farming) and by the choice of the production system (animals fattened or not). Overall, the average farm income per worker remained stable, with an increased dependence of the latter facing the subsidies. The average of the incomes is almost the same whatever the production system, but the scatter of the intra-system incomes is relatively significant. The income per worker always remains correlated with size criteria (herd and/or area) but with the following distinction : before the first CAP reform, the size of the livestock was important because of the outputs that it generated ; after 1992, the size has an effect on the farm income by the subsidies that it makes it possible to perceive.

Download documents