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Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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The diversity of livestock management practices in specialist beef farms involved in the certified quality meat sector

INRA Prod. Anim., 14(2), 105-118.

S. INGRAND ¹, I. CARRASCO ¹,², J. DEVUN ³, J.-M. LAROCHE ⁴, B. DEDIEU ¹

1 INRA SAD, Unité de Recherche sur les Herbivores, Theix 63122 Saint-Genès Champanelle

2 Adresse actuelle : Cialyn, 3 rue Jules Rimet, 89400 Migennes
3 Institut de l’Elevage, 6 rue de Lourdes 58000 Nevers
4 Chambre d’Agriculture de l’Allier, 60 cours Jean Jaurès, 03000 Moulins

Abstract 

We investigated the management and marketingpractices for females and products in 21 Charolaisfarms specializing in beef production. Our aim was toverify the assumption that some farmers adjust theirsystem so as to maximize the number of animals sold inthe quality meat sector as against other farmers havingdifferent priorities (e.g. simplifying their management).Based on enquiries in four producer groups, weformed two samples of out of these two farmer categories.Three main results were derived from the study. 1)For the producer groups, the chief discriminating factorbetween the two samples is the number and proportionof animals transiting through their groups, and notthe total number of animals sold by the farmers in thequality meat sector. 2) The number of animals sold inthe quality meat sector does not adequately reflect thecapacity of farmers to produce animals meeting thetechnical specifications of the sector, as a great part ofthe animals are marketed through other channels, inparticular directly via independent butchers. 3) Thefarmers most implicated in the quality meat sector donot necessarily adopt specific management practices,in particular more meticulous, more individual-focusedmanagement than others. But these farmers delegatefar more extensively the marketing function to the producergroups, even though this may involve lower valorisationof each individual animal. Based on theseresults we propose and discuss a new classification offarmers combining their practices and their implicationin the quality meat sector. With 5 distinct groupsof farmers, this classification is more complex than theone drawn up in our initial assumption.

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