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Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Stakes of animal production in Southern countries

INRA Prod. Anim., 14(1), 3-13.

B. FAYE, V. ALARY

CIRAD-EMVT, Programme Productions Animales, Campus International de Baillarguet, BP 5035, 34032 Montpellier Cedex

Abstract 

In Southern countries, the place of the animal productionis more and more important and requires aquantitative/qualitative improvement of the productionability quite different than previously. In contrast withstagnation of the animal production observed inEurope and North America, this progress results froman important increase of the demand linked to thehuman growth and, in some cases, to the change in feedingbehaviour of urban people. The challenges forresearch and development are the improvement of theanimal productivity, lower than in northern countries,the poverty alleviation still predominating in ruralareas from tropical countries, and environmental preservation.In the same time, these challenges mustavoid the drifts of productivist approach, common afterthe second world war in northern agriculture, and mustensure the sustainability of the production systems inthe future. The current dynamics reveal the livestockrevolution in those countries as it is recognized byinternational agencies.

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