Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal

Home page

Digestive parasitism of small ruminants in the French West Indies

INRA Prod. Anim., 10(1), 79-89.


1 INRA Unité de Recherches Zootechniques Antilles-Guyane, BP 515, 97165 Pointe-à-Pitre Cedex, Guadeloupe (FWI) 

2 CIRAD-EMVT, BP 515, 97165 Pointe-à-Pitre Cedex, Guadeloupe (FWI)


The Nematode Haemonchus contortus, the Cestode Moniezia sp. and the protozoa Eimeria spp. are the main digestive parasites of small ruminants in the Caribbean. Models of infective third stage larvae (L3) ofHaemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus colubriformis have been established to use simulation to estimate the infestation risk according to season, irrigation practice, herbage mass and pasture management.

The faunistic diversity is low : 10 species of worm in Guadeloupe. The prevalence of Haemonchus sp. andTrichostrongylus spp. range from 80 to 100 %. Incidences of these worms are higher than 60 % per month. The main sources of variation in infestation risk are irrigation, climate and susceptibility of animals. The strongylosis is responsible for more than 80 % of the mortality rate before weaning, which raises to 40 %. Resistance of Haemonchus contortus strains to anthelmintics (benzimidazoles) are common in Guadeloupe and Martinique. All the studies on farms confirmed that digestive strongylosis is the main disease of small ruminants in the Lesser Antilles.

The research carried out by the Animal Production Research Unit of INRA to improve animal breeding and husbandry in pasture (type of forage, stocking rate recommendations, mixed grazing, etc...) took into account the importance of strongylosis in small ruminants production. The genetic resistance of Creole goats to digestive strongles and the possible use of feeding supplements are beingstudied for integration in a plan to control these parasitic diseases.

Download documents