Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal

Home page

Deer (Cervus Elaphus) farming in the west of France : technical and economical results

INRA Prod Anim., 9 (2), 121-131.


1INRA Laboratoire Economie de l’Elevage Theix 63122 Saint Genès Champanelle

2INRA Laboratoire Adaptation des Herbivores aux Milieux Theix 63122 Saint Genès Champanelle


Technical data issuing from 10 deer farms of the west of France were recorded from 1991 to 1994. These recent farms house around 60 hinds and are, all but one, a diversification of the farming concerns’ activities. During the four years, we observed a wide variability in results between farms and a drop in zootechnical performances (from 0.81 to 0.68 weaned fawns/hind/year on average), most likely linked to the dense population within the enclosure which reached as high as 14 hinds/ha (7 LSU/ha). Venison deer, representing 68 % of animal sold, are mainly marketed on the farm. Wholeale prices dropped severely during the period (from 77 to 50 F/kg of carcass) and breeding stock sales tailed off. The gross margin decreased from 2408 F/hind in 1992 to 1394 F in 1994, following a fall in retail prices and a déterioration of performances. An equivalent margin to that of suckling cows or sheep would necessitate a productivity of 0.85 weaned fawn/hind/year and a retail price of 60 F/kg of carcass.

Tehnical success lies in an approach adapted to the particularties of Deer and in a reduced population density within enclosures. Moreover, the low productivity potential of this wild species demands a high retail price for products which can, in the absence of an organised network, be achieved within the context of agrotourism around deer farming.

Download documents