Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free: https://www.ghostery.com/fr/products/

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/fr/controler-ses-cookies/, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Realytics
Google Analytics
Spoteffects
Optimizely

Targeted advertising cookies

DoubleClick
Mediarithmics

The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at cil-dpo@inra.fr or by post at:

INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal

Home page

The addition of a flock of sheep to a dairy farm : development of such a production system on an experimental farm

INRA Prod. Anim., 8 (5), 341-352.

J. ROUEL¹, J. BONY¹, G. LAIGNEL², G. LIENARD², M. THERIEZ³

1INRA Domaine expérimental d’Orcival, Le Roc 63210 Rochefort-Montagne

2INRA Economie de l’Elevage, Theix 63122 Saint-Genès Champanelle
3INRA Adaptation des Herbivores aux Milieux, Theix 63122 St Genès Champanelle

Abstract 

The existence of milk quotas in the European community since 1984 has entailed modifications in dairy farm development. Briefly, the increase in the milk yield per cow has resulted in a reduction in herd size. This latter factor means that some forage areas may now be available for other uses. When cereal crop production is not possible, the alternative production choices are few and are basically limited to the raising of other herbivores : heifers, beef cattle, suckling cows, sheep.

In mountainous zones where sheep are already being bred, as in the Massif Central region, dairy breeders could easily modify their holding with such an addition. This paper presents the results of a 5-year study undertaken on an experimental farm (1989/90 - 1993/94). The goal of the study was to develop a sheep production system that was adapted to the constraints and requirements of an intensive dairy farm, and which also took into account the possibilities of raising lambs commercially. The experimental farm was located in an INRA site, located in the mountains of Auvergne at 1000 m altitude. The sheep were a local breed (Limousine). The economic complementarity required by the dairy cows restricted the sheep production to a level that was than less productive than a specialized sheep production system, but it also required less work while making the upkeep of the land easier. The system that was finally adopted had only a single lambing per ewe per year in July-August before the beginning of the calving period in October. This permits the work to be spread out. Part of the summer field growth could be reserved for the nursing sheep. Light-weight lambs (2 to 2.5 months) could be produced for the southern European market. This would require only a small addition of concentrate as a supplement (44 kg per ewe and per year, on average for 3 years).

The technical and economic results obtained are comparable to those obtained by a group of specialized sheep breeders located in the same region of North of the Massif Central, who were also using a local sheep breed. The more this system is perfected, the more the general reflections and possible future applications that could be initiated by this experiment must be remembered.

Download documents