Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free: https://www.ghostery.com/fr/products/

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/fr/controler-ses-cookies/, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Realytics
Google Analytics
Spoteffects
Optimizely

Targeted advertising cookies

DoubleClick
Mediarithmics

The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at cil-dpo@inra.fr or by post at:

INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal

Home page

What is the economic and technical return for large suckling cow herds ? An example using Charolais

INRA Prod. Anim., 8 (3),213-226.

D. BEBIN, M. LHERM, G. LIENARD

INRA Laboratoire d’Economie de l’Elevage, Theix, 63122 St Genès Champanelle

Abstract 

Since the number of cattle units per worker is one of the most determining factors in a suckling cow farm’s revenue, specialized breeders are continually being forced to increase both their number of stock and the size of their domain. The French average herd, in 1992, for specialized breeders was 37 suckling cows. This value was 46 in the Burgundy region. There may be grounds for concern that this continual increase in the number of cattle per farm may have possible negative consequences on their technical and economic performances. Increasing the animal concentration brings with it certain risks. Certain operations, most notably calving and the care of the calves, cannot be automated and the farmers are compelled to do these by hand. In addition, the relatively low return resulting from suckling cow farming limits the farmer’s reinvestment capacity.

This article evaluated the performance of farms in the centre of France that have large herds of Charolais (more than 50 calvings per worker). The zootechnical performances and economic results of ten large herds over a 13 year period were compared with reference data from 37 farms studied over the same period in the same region. The results showed that the performances in large herds did not, in fact, decrease. In order to ensure a high level of performance for these large herds, certain conditions were necessary. The breeders needed to be technically competent. They understood the specific characteristics of suckling cattle and knew how to make the best use of them. They understood such details as building adaptations, including free-stall housing and surveillance systems which aided with calving. The herds maintained a steady, continuous increase, essentially due to internal breeding and the maintenance of a sufficient number of heifers. These farms were capable of continually adapting to new technologies. The most rigorous condition related to capitalization. A significant financial sacrifice was delabded from the farming families. A five-year review demonstrated that for large herds, 37% of the revenue was used to increase the main capital (of which 5% was for land ownership costs). This left only 63% available for the family.

Download documents