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Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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TmFO network: The TROPICAL managed FORESTS OBSERVATORY (TmFO)

Network and its devices names
TMFO network: The TROPICAL managed FORESTS OBSERVATORY (TmFO)
Localisation
Coordination: Cirad, UPR Forêts et Sociétés, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5 France. Sites in the Amazon (Bolivia, Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname), Africa (Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Central African Republic) and South-East Asia (Malaysia, Indonesia).
Website
https://www.tmfo.org 
TmFO_global_August2014
Network description

Sist et al.  2014. The Tropical managed Forests Observatory: a research network addressing the future of tropical logged forests. Applied Vegetation Science, 18, 171-174. doi: 10.1111/avsc.12125

The Tropical managed Forest Observatory (TmFO) network focuses on the resilience of tropical managed forests. TmFO includes 18 institutions linked by a collaborative agreement signed in November 2017.


The observatory brings together 24 experimental sites, set up either by CIRAD or by its partners, in 10 countries in the humid tropics in the Amazon (Bolivia, Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru), Africa (Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Central African Republic) and Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia).


The data from these sites make it possible to regularly monitor the dynamics of forest stands after logging. Some sites, e.g. Paracou in French Guiana, Tapajos in the Brazilian Amazon or Mbaïki in Central African Republic, have been in existence for more than 30 years and provide data of exceptional quality for (i) analysing the dynamics of forest recovery after logging and (ii) estimating how ongoing global changes are altering these dynamics. The 24 sites include a total of 536 permanent plots representing a total inventoried area of 1193 hectares where each tree from 10 or 20 cm is monitored, on average, every 2-5 years.

Services offer

TmFO is the only pantropical network focusing on the resilience of logged tropical forests, other existing networks such as Leeds Rainfor or the Smithsonian CTFS are monitoring undisturbed tropical forests. TmFO is therefore a unique network whose importance is increasingly recognized because the majority of the forest area under exploitation is now in tropical regions. TmFO also offers the opportunity for research institutions and forest services having monitoring systems for disturbed forests to join an international network, to benefit from the expertise and tools developed within this network and to valorize their data through regional and pantropical analyses. The TmFO network aims at providing information and data concerning the sustainable management of tomorrow's tropical production forests in order to find sustainable trade-offs between wood production, carbon storage and biodiversity.


TmFOPartners

CELOS, The Center for agricultural Research in Suriname, CIFOR The Center for International Forestry Research,  CIRAD, The French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development; Embrapa, Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation ; ESALQ Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture (ESALQ) University of Sao Paulo ; FOERDIA Forestry and Environment Research Development and Innovation Agency; FRIM Forest research Institute of Malaysia; Hiroshima University ;IBIF Instituto Boliviano de Investigaciones Forestales; IIAP, Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonia Peruana; IIASA International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis; IIC, The Iwokrama International Centre for Rain Forest Conservation and Development ; LIPI, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (Indonesian Institute of Sciences); ONF- Office National des Forêts, Département RDI (Guyane) ; SLU The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences; University of Aberdeen; University of Florida; Wageningen


Team

The network is coordinated by Plinio Sist and Bruno Hérault of the CIRAD Forests and Societies research unit. Each experimental site is managed by at least two coordinators from the institutions in charge of each site. TmFO thus brings together some fifty forestry researchers and engineers.


Work description and access modalities

The rules of operation of the network are governed by an Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). The raw data as well as the databases of each site remain under the responsibility and property of the institutions responsible for the site. Each site manager is responsible for processing his or her own data according to a commonly defined methodology in order to answer a particular research question. Raw data are therefore not shared within the network, only consolidated data from common analyses are shared and published.

Access to experimental sites is highly variable and depends very much on their location. As they are operated plots, most sites are located close to road networks and are therefore easily accessible. Experimental sites are generally accessible through partnership agreements, mainly for research activities.


Access unit and cost

The cost of maintaining sites varies greatly depending on the size and number of plots, location and country. On average, the cost of maintaining a site is around 50K€/year.


Facilities

For some sites: micrometeorological station, water content in the soil, flux tower.