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24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Encyclop'Aphid : l'encyclopédie des pucerons


Aphis frangulae Kaltenbach, 1845

Alder buckthorn-willowherb aphid

Aphis frangulae, adulte aptère et larves
Aphis frangulae, mâle ailé et ovipare aptère
Aphis frangulae, colonie sur Lavatera arborea
Aphis frangulae, crispation des feuilles

Morphological characters

1.2-2.2 mm.
Apterous: yellowish to dark green, cornicles pale to very dark and cauda pale.
Alate: green to dark green, antennae same length as body, cornicles pale to very dark, cauda light.

See identification file

Life cycles

Dioecious holocyclic.

Anholocyclic under shelter (greenhouse).

Host plants  

Primary hosts: Frangula alnus (alder buckthorn), Rhamnus (buckthorn), Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd’s purse).
Secondary hosts: Asteraceae: Chrysanthemum (chrysanthemum), and numerous herbaceous plants...

Particular characteristics

Aphis frangulae in fact covers a group of species composed of different subspecies (beccabungae, capsellae) and the species Aphis gossypii.
Within this frangulae gossypii group, the species are practically indistinguishable using morphological criteria.
Their identification requires knowledge of their hosts and their life cycles.

Agronomic impact

A. frangulae can survive winter under shelter (greenhouse).

Natural enemies



Identification file

Read more