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Last update: May 2021

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Encyclop'Aphid : l'encyclopédie des pucerons


The different species of aphids

Nearly 4700 species have been recorded worldwide, 900 of them living in Europe. Here we illustrate their world, with a number of selected species that exert strong effects on agriculture.

Their fecundity is high, they have a diversity of modes of reproduction, compex life cycles invovling alate (winged) and apterous (wingless) individuals that exploit host plants. These strategies make the aphids a formidable force threatening the world of plants grown for crops.

For each species, you will find a files showing:

  • morphological characters; for some species also a detailed identification file.
  • life cycle(s)
  • host plants
  • particular characteristics
  • agronomic impact
  • range of natural enemies

The illustrations bring to the fore the full panoply of colours and forms to be found, in a living world that operates at such a small scale.
Although often green, aphids can display a whole spctrum of colours.
Some species even produce clones of differing colours (green or pink clones in Acyrthosiphon pisum, green or orange in Sitobion avenae, Macrosiphum euphorbiae for example).

Cavariella aegopodii : adulte aptère
Aphis nasturtii, adulte aptère
Neotoxoptera formosana : adulte aptère
Dysaphis pyri : adulte aptère

Cavariella aegopodii
(light green)

Aphis nasturtii

Neotoxoptera formosana

Dysaphis pyri

Uroleucon tanaceti : nymphe 3, nymphe 4
Acyrthosiphon pisum, larves roses et larves vertes

Uroleucon tanaceti
(reddish brown)

Acyrthosiphon pisum
(pink and green colony)