Know more

About cookies

What is a "cookie"?

A "cookie" is a piece of information, usually small and identified by a name, which may be sent to your browser by a website you are visiting. Your web browser will store it for a period of time, and send it back to the web server each time you log on again.

Different types of cookies are placed on the sites:

  • Cookies strictly necessary for the proper functioning of the site
  • Cookies deposited by third party sites to improve the interactivity of the site, to collect statistics

Learn more about cookies and how they work

The different types of cookies used on this site

Cookies strictly necessary for the site to function

These cookies allow the main services of the site to function optimally. You can technically block them using your browser settings but your experience on the site may be degraded.

Furthermore, you have the possibility of opposing the use of audience measurement tracers strictly necessary for the functioning and current administration of the website in the cookie management window accessible via the link located in the footer of the site.

Technical cookies

Name of the cookie

Purpose

Shelf life

CAS and PHP session cookies

Login credentials, session security

Session

Tarteaucitron

Saving your cookie consent choices

12 months

Audience measurement cookies (AT Internet)

Name of the cookie

Purpose

Shelf life

atid

Trace the visitor's route in order to establish visit statistics.

13 months

atuserid

Store the anonymous ID of the visitor who starts the first time he visits the site

13 months

atidvisitor

Identify the numbers (unique identifiers of a site) seen by the visitor and store the visitor's identifiers.

13 months

About the AT Internet audience measurement tool :

AT Internet's audience measurement tool Analytics is deployed on this site in order to obtain information on visitors' navigation and to improve its use.

The French data protection authority (CNIL) has granted an exemption to AT Internet's Web Analytics cookie. This tool is thus exempt from the collection of the Internet user's consent with regard to the deposit of analytics cookies. However, you can refuse the deposit of these cookies via the cookie management panel.

Good to know:

  • The data collected are not cross-checked with other processing operations
  • The deposited cookie is only used to produce anonymous statistics
  • The cookie does not allow the user's navigation on other sites to be tracked.

Third party cookies to improve the interactivity of the site

This site relies on certain services provided by third parties which allow :

  • to offer interactive content;
  • improve usability and facilitate the sharing of content on social networks;
  • view videos and animated presentations directly on our website;
  • protect form entries from robots;
  • monitor the performance of the site.

These third parties will collect and use your browsing data for their own purposes.

How to accept or reject cookies

When you start browsing an eZpublish site, the appearance of the "cookies" banner allows you to accept or refuse all the cookies we use. This banner will be displayed as long as you have not made a choice, even if you are browsing on another page of the site.

You can change your choices at any time by clicking on the "Cookie Management" link.

You can manage these cookies in your browser. Here are the procedures to follow: Firefox; Chrome; Explorer; Safari; Opera

For more information about the cookies we use, you can contact INRAE's Data Protection Officer by email at cil-dpo@inrae.fr or by post at :

INRAE

24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu logo Cultiver proteger autrement mariane_inrae_ppr_cpa_80

Growing and Protecting crops Differently

Foresight study pathways to an european pesticide-free Agriculture

2050 Horizons

A foresight study “Pathways to chemical pesticide-free agriculture in Europe in 2050” is launched in order to shed light on the challenges of such a transition for european agriculture.

What is it?

The foresight study is part of the French national priority research programme (PPR) Growing and protecting crops differently (CPA) led by INRAE and launched at the request of the French Government (Ministries of Research, Agriculture, Environment). It is also linked to the European Alliance "Towards Chemical Pesticide free Agriculture“. Its objective is to develop scenarios of chemical pesticide-free agriculture in the European union in 2050, answering two questions:

  • What could be the different forms of a chemical pesticide-free agriculture in Europe in 2050? With what impacts on land use, production, trade and biodiversity?
  • What could be the different pathways towards these different forms of chemical pesticide-free agriculture?

By whom?

The foresight study is carried out by the Directorate for expertise, foresight and advanced studies of INRAE (DEPE). The project team brings together knowledge and experience in foresight, modelling, Agronomy and Economics and is composed of:

Olivier Mora (INRAE DEPE)
Olivier is a foresight specialist with a background in Agronomy (Ing.) and Sociology. He is a research engineer (IR1) at the Directorate for expertise, foresight and advanced studies (DEPE) of INRAE, located in Paris. He has coordinated foresight studies at regional, national and global scales, about rural areas, agricultural biomass, regional forest in the face of climate change, and the study Agrimonde-Terra on global land use and food security in 2050 (with C. Le Mouël and M. de Lattre-Gasquet, 2012-2017). He is co-manager of the working group on foresight of the French national alliance for research on the environment (AllEnvi), and is a member of several foresight communities such as Foresight4Food, Forward Thinking Platform, Prosper. He has conducted thematic schools on foresight approaches, about scenario approaches, the link between qualitative foresight and quantitative simulation, and foresight and interdisciplinarity. Olivier is the coordinator of the project team and as such, he is in charge of the overall coordination of the foresight exercise.

Chantal Le Mouël (INRAE SMART-LERECO and DEPE)
Chantal has a background in Economics (PhD). She is a senior researcher at INRAE, working in both the SMART-LERECO research unit, located in Rennes, and the DEPE Directorate, located in Paris. Chantal worked at the Commissariat Général du Plan (1995-97) and as an administrator at OECD, directorate of Agriculture (2000-2001). Her main topics are agricultural trade and WTO negotiations, farmers’ production decisions and the CAP and, more recently, land use and food security. Chantal’s main approach is market and trade modelling. She coordinated the Agrimonde-Terra foresight, funded by INRAE and CIRAD (with M. de Lattre-Gasquet and O. Mora, 2012-2017), during which she contributed to the development of the GlobAgri tool. In this project team, Chantal is in charge of the quantitative part of the foresight exercise: GlobAgri development and scenarios’ simulations.

Jean-Louis Drouet (INRAE ECOSYS and DEPE)
Jean-Louis has a background in Agronomy and Bioclimatology (PhD). He is a senior researcher at INRAE, working in both the ECOSYS research unit, located in Grignon, and the DEPE directorate, located in Paris. Jean-Louis first worked in remote sensing applied to the Landes forest, then the Sahel for early warning. He then focused his research for ten years on the functioning of plants and annual crops in relation to their biophysical environment. For the past fifteen years he has been carrying out research on nitrogen flows in landscapes and territories, their modelling and their impact on the environment, in particular within the framework of several European and national projects (including the coordination of the ANR Escapade project, 2013-2017). Since 2018, he has been co-chairman of the scientific and technical committee for the management of nutrients and emissions towards the environment set up by both the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Environment. Jean-Louis joined the DEPE in 2020 and this foresight is his first experience. In this project team, Jean-Louis is in charge of the agronomic aspects of the foresight exercise.

Jeanne-Alix Berne (INRAE DEPE)
Jeanne-Alix has a background in Agronomy (Ing.). She is a temporary staff at INRAE, recruited on the foresight budget, and working in the DEPE directorate, located in Paris. In this project team, Jeanne-Alix does the groundwork, including literature reviews, for the retrospective analysis and forward looking hypotheses of a set of components of the foresight’s system (for example “Reducing pest pressure” as part of the cropping systems component). Jeanne-Alix is also in charge of the relationship between the project team and the expert committee.

Victor Kieffer (INRAE SMART-LERECO)
Victor has a background in Agronomy (Ing.). He is a temporary staff at INRAE, recruited on the budget of the foresight, and working in the SMART-LERECO research unit, located in Rennes. Before joining INRAE, Victor was working at the Chambre Régionale d’Agriculture du Grand Est, where he was in charge of monitoring organic agriculture’s performance and development within the region. He also worked for a farmers’ union, and at FranceAgriMer (a public body under the authority of the Ministry of Agriculture) where he got some experience with agricultural statistics. In this project team, Victor contributes to the quantitative part of the foresight exercise. He is in charge of implementing new modules in the GlobAgri modelling tool (spatial distribution of land-use change and biodiversity impacts) and of simulating the foresight scenarios.

To?

Through the construction of communs visions, the 2050 foresight study creates a discussion space  between researchers and skateholders.

How to? 

This foresight study mobilizes a systemic approach linking the development of a chemical pesticide-free agriculture to changes in food systems, territories, biodiversity, public policies, in the context of a changing climate. This study aims to contribute to the research orientations of the priority research programme ‘Growing and protecting crops differently’, by showing how specific knowledge produced in PPR-funded research projects could be articulated to support transition pathways towards pesticide-free agriculture and to identify research gaps.

See also

To learn more about the foresight study: click here

To see the last webinars series: click here

Webinar series: 2050 Prospective

[WEBINAR] Webinar series: 2050 Prospective

Webinar series with 4 sessions: 31 august, 10 september, 24 september and 12 october 2020
Read more