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Last update: May 2021

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About Climate-CAFE

Project presentation:

Several prospective studies have shown that European agriculture will feel the effects of climate change with very different effects in different countries and geographical region.

Although agriculture modestly contributes to climate change through emissions of greenhouse gases, it has mainly a reduction of this effect by capturing atmospheric CO2 for plant photosynthesis. A disturbance temperatures or rainfall can notably impact the development of plants and also the cycle of soil nutrients and affect the operation and performance of crops. The effects of climate change, however, are still poorly identified and can especially between countries (or European region) to another.

It is therefore necessary to study these effects on European agricultural systems in order to identify any suitable and effective alternatives.

The aim of the Climate-CAFE project is to evaluate different adaptation strategies of agricultural systems in two IPCC scenarios in the near future (2050) and far (2100). Three broad categories of strategies were identified:

(1) resistance strategies, minimizing the impact of short-term climate change with simple adjustments and easy to implement,

(2) resilience, which will require a systemic adaptation cropping systems across the field or farm,

(3) a drastic transformation of cropping and farming systems.

The objective of its strategies is to increase the adaptability of European cropping systems.

The alternatives will be built in participatory research by mobilizing 10 "adaptation pilots" (group of farmers, advisers and actors of the agricultural sector). These drivers are distributed in various European pedoclimates sweeping the wide range of agricultural situations of major European cultures, from Finland to the South of Spain (north-south gradient) and Scotland to the east of Germany ( West-East gradient).