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The different types of cookies used on this site

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These cookies allow the main services of the site to function optimally. You can technically block them using your browser settings but your experience on the site may be degraded.

Furthermore, you have the possibility of opposing the use of audience measurement tracers strictly necessary for the functioning and current administration of the website in the cookie management window accessible via the link located in the footer of the site.

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About the AT Internet audience measurement tool :

AT Internet's audience measurement tool Analytics is deployed on this site in order to obtain information on visitors' navigation and to improve its use.

The French data protection authority (CNIL) has granted an exemption to AT Internet's Web Analytics cookie. This tool is thus exempt from the collection of the Internet user's consent with regard to the deposit of analytics cookies. However, you can refuse the deposit of these cookies via the cookie management panel.

Good to know:

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How to accept or reject cookies

When you start browsing an eZpublish site, the appearance of the "cookies" banner allows you to accept or refuse all the cookies we use. This banner will be displayed as long as you have not made a choice, even if you are browsing on another page of the site.

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For more information about the cookies we use, you can contact INRAE's Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at :


24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

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Infrastructure de recherche CALIS (Consommateur - Aliment - Santé)

Parts of the Context


Food occupies more than ever a central place in national and international public policies and it remains a major concern of consumers.

  • A healthy and balanced diet is also a source of pleasure, a vector of cultural values and more and more an ethical promoter that helps maintaining populations in good health.
  • Guaranteeing access for all to quality food in sufficient quantity is still a challenge for the coming years. It is therefore a major public health issue, including in Europe where France (and INRAE in particular) has a worldwide reputation in terms of food. Food occupies more than ever a central place in national and international public policies and it remains a major concern of consumers.
  • Obesity and overweight affect a significant portion of the national (17% and 49% of adults respectively) and global (13% and 39% respectively) population and are frequently associated with serious health consequences, exacerbating the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. Obesity also has a strong economic impact in France, since it has been established that it reduces GDP1 by 2.7% i.e. 65 billion euros.

The problem of so-called "ultra-processed" foods also remains major because it seems that a direct link can be established between obesity and metabolic diseases and their high consumption.

Moreover, despite a general context of bloated food supply and consumption, nearly 9.3 million French people live below the poverty line, i.e. 14.7% of the national population and more than 5.5 million people have to call on food aid.

In France, the agro-food industry is the leading industrial sector with a turnover of 213 billion euros. It is the 3rd largest contributor to the national trade balance, with an annual surplus of 7 billion euros. Our food industry is showing real dynamism in innovation, research and development. However, it must be able to rely on academic research, driven by high-performance and innovative devices. France, and INRAE in particular, still occupies a notable place in the world in terms of publications in food, nutrition and food sciences.