Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal

Home page

Programme de rechercheEBP-BIOSOC

Sélection de Publications

Pluralité des sciences

HACKING I. (1996). The disunities of the sciences. In P. Galison, & D.Stump (Eds.), The disunity of science, Stanford: University Press, pp.37-54. p.9

LAURENT C. (2010). Plurality of science and rational integration of knowledge, in New Approaches to the Unity of Science, J. Symons, J. M. Torres and O. Pombo (Ed.), Springer. p.29

MITCHELL S.D. (2002). Integrative Pluralism. Biology and Philosophy, vol. 17, pp. 55-70. p.41

RUPHY S. (2009). Unité ou pluralité des sciences: nouvelles questions, nouveaux enjeux, in L'unité des sciences aujourd'hui, T. Martin (Ed.), Vuibert, pp. 109-120 p.57
La pluralité des sciences et deux exemples de débats sur l’utilisation des connaissances scientifiques pour concevoir et évaluer des politiques publiques
La tragédie des communs

DIETZ T., OSTROM E., STERN P.C. (2003). The struggle to Govern the Commons, Sciences, vol. 302, pp. 1907-12 p.65

HARDIN G. (1968). The Tragedy of the Commons. Sciences, vol. 162, pp. 1243-48. p.71

HARDIN G. (1998). Extensions of the “The Tragedy of the Commons”, Sciences, vol. 280, n° 5364, pp. 682-683 p.77

OSTROM E., BURGER J., FIELD C.B., NORGAARD R.B., POLICANSKY D. (1999). Revisiting the Commons: Local lessons, Global Challenges, Sciences, vol. 284, pp. 278-82. p.81
Les politiques agro-environnementales

CARPENTER S.R. et al. (2009). Science for managing ecosystem services: the Millenium Ecosystem Assessment. PNAS, vol. 106, n°5, pp. 1305-12. p.87

CONCEPCION E.D., DIAZ M., BAQUERO R.A. (2008). Effects of landscape complexity on the ecological effectiveness of agri-environment schemes, Landscape Ecology, vol. 23, pp. 135-48. p.95

KLEIJN D., SUTHERLAND W.J. (2003). How effective are European agri-environment schemes in conserving and promoting biodiversity ? Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 40, pp. 947-69. p.109

LAURENT C., LABARTHE P., TROUVE A., BERRIET-SOLLIEC M., BONNAFOUS P. (2009). Les connaissances scientifiques : une ressource de plus en plus rare pour la décision publique ? Communication pour le Forum de la Régulation. « Défis analytiques posés en économie par les crises et les problèmes de régulation ». Paris 1-2 Décembre 2009.. p.133

PULLIN A.S., KNIGHT T.M., STONE D.A., CHARMAN K. (2004). Do conservation managers use scientific evidence to support their decision-making? Biological conservation, n°119, 245-252. p.153

SCHERR S.J., McNEELY J.A. (2008). Biodiversity conservation and agricultural sustainability: towards a new paradigm of ‘ecoagriculture’ landscapes, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, n° 363, pp. 477-94. p.161
Réflexions sur les approches “evidence-based et leur boîte à outil »

BOWEN W. (2002). An analytical Review of Environmental Justice Research: what do we really know? Environmental Management, vol. 29, n°1, pp. 3-15. p.181

CARTWRIGHT N. (2008), with STEGENGA J. A theory of Evidence for Evidence-Based Policy. London School of Economics, Centre for Natural and Social Science Contingency and Dissent in Science, LSE/CPNSS Technical Report, n°08/08. p.195

LAURENT C. BAUDRY J., BERRIET-SOLLIEC M., KIRSCH M., PERRAUD D., TINEL B., TROUVÉ A., ALLSOPP N.,, BONNAFOUS P.,, BUREL F., CARNEIRO M.-J., GIRAUD C., LABARTHE P., MATOSE, RICROCH A. (2009). Pourquoi s'intéresser à la notion d'evidence-based policy? Revue Tiers Monde, n°200, pp. 853-873 p.239

MALINOVSKY J.M., PAIN L., JUVIN P., LANGERON O., RIOU B., MARTIN C. (2000). Aide à la lecture d’un article scientifique. Comité des référentiels cliniques de la société française d’anesthésie et de réanimation. Ann Fr Asesth Réanim, vol. 19, pp. 209-16. p.261

NUTLEY S. (2003). Bridging the policy/ research divide. reflections and Lessons from the UK. Key note paper. “Facing the Future: Engaging stakeholders and citizens in developing public policy”. NIG Conference. Canberra. 20p. p.269

SUTHERLAND W.J. et al. (2006). The identification of 100 ecological questions of high policy relevance in the UK. Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 43, pp. 617-27. p.289

SUTHERLAND W., PULLIN A., DOLMAN P., KNIGHT T. (2004). The need for evidence-based conservation, TRENDS in Ecology and Evolution, vol.19, n°.6, pp. 305-308 p.301