Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free: https://www.ghostery.com/fr/products/

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/fr/controler-ses-cookies/, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Realytics
Google Analytics
Spoteffects
Optimizely

Targeted advertising cookies

DoubleClick
Mediarithmics

The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at cil-dpo@inra.fr or by post at:

INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal Logo partenaire

LabEx BASC

Assessing biodiversity and beneficials in agroecological cropping systems through a network of stakeholders

BASCULER
This project is being carried out in a context of continuously increasing pesticide use and declining biodiversity in agricultural environments. Current integrated crop protection strategies, based on agronomic levers, do not make it possible to significantly reduce the use of pesticides, particularly insecticides. They must be complemented by other methods such as the reinforcement of regulation processes based on the biodiversity of agricultural environments, whether managed or associated. We therefore seek to study how biodiversity at the scale of the plot and its surroundings can respond to these issues.

Funded under the Call for Emergence 2016, the BASCULER project took place over 2 years (2017-2018).

Project leaders: Antoine GARDARIN (Agronomy) and François Chiron (ESE)

Logos BASCULER

Partners:

  • in BASC: The Joint Research Units 'Agronomy', 'Ecology, Systematics, Evolution' (ESE), 'EcoSys' and 'SADAPT'
  • academic non BASC: LAE
  • non academic: the French Office of Biodiversity, the Regional Natural Park of the Upper Chevreuse Valley, the association Hommes et Territoires, the chambers of agriculture of the regions and departments concerned

The emergence of a multifunctional agriculture providing and relying on a diversity of ecosystem services requires the implementation of original combinations of agroecological levers, at different scales and manageable by farmers. However, it appears that most of the past works have studied the services rendered by cropping systems or spatial planning on a limited number of services, without considering them as a whole and leaving aside their interactions.

The BASCULER project aimed to set up a network of farmers' plots in the Paris basin to explore how intra-plot arrangements of crop diversity and flower strips, consistent with cropping systems that are a priori favourable to biodiversity, could meet agronomic and ecological challenges. The objective of this project is to (1) analyze how the levers used by farmers modify the biological component, the environmental conditions and their interactions, (2) quantify the associated ecosystem services of provision, regulation and culture, and (3) identify the trade-offs between these services. 

Bande fleurie dans une parcelle agroforestière (BASCULER)

A first outcome of the project (also made possible by the support of several other co-financing sources) is the realization of an "initial state" of biodiversity (arthropods and vertebrates) in 2018 in a network of 30 farmers with contrasting cropping systems, the establishment of perennial flower strips at the end of 2018, and the continuation of annual monitoring of biodiversity to study the medium-term effect of these arrangements. A second outcome is that this scheme has made it possible to federate the work of several research teams whose work focuses on the relationships between biodiversity (from soil microorganisms to aerial vertebrates) and the ecosystem services provided (regulation, production and cultural). This work began in 2019 and 2020 and has not yet produced quantitative results that can be disseminated at this stage.         Photo: A flower strip (foreground) in an agroforestry plot

Exemple de résultat BASCULER

===> The project leader explains the project and its RESULTS in VIDEO (LabEx BASC scientific days, February 2021)

photo projet BASCULER

Numerous other financing were requested and obtained from INRAE, AgroParisTech, the French Office of Biodiversity and the François Sommer Foundation. Three thesis grants have also been obtained, which will allow the network of farmers' plots to be developed. The funding currently acquired will expire in 2021. Given the fruitful collaborations that have been established during this project, we hope to be able to perpetuate this biodiversity analysis system.